What is acid reflux?

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Dr. Denis Slinkin

The involuntary ingestion of stomach contents into the esophagus is called acid reflux, as Dr. Denis Slinkin says.

Reasons could be as follows:

You may have a weakened lower oesophagus sphincter that cannot prevent acid from getting from the stomach into the esophagus. The sphincter is a muscle ring located between the esophagus and stomach. Its function is to let food down into the stomach and then close it tightly, which facilitates further digestion.

Excessive amounts of acid in the stomach as a result of unhealthy food or if you eat too much.
Overpopulation of the stomach due to unhealthy eating habits.During pregnancy, the fetus can exert pressure on the mother’s stomach, which can also cause acid reflux in the woman, says Dr. Denis Slinkin.

The most common symptoms of reflux

Dr. Denis Slinkin

Dr. Denis Slinkin states: As a result of the entry of gastric acid into the esophagus, the most common symptoms, such as burning and pain behind the sternum, better known as heartburn, may occur. This is because if acid is ingested from the stomach into the esophagus, the mucous membrane of the oesophagus is affected. The duration and strength of the pain will depend on the amount of acid that has entered the mucous membrane of the esophagus and on the duration of this contact.

Unexpected symptoms of acid reflux

You may have heard or read in connection with acid reflux about a concept such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or esophagitis reflux. It is the name given to diseases with various symptoms that affect the upper parts of the human food chain.

Therefore, the symptoms of acid reflux already mentioned may include some other symptoms:

  • a strong feeling of tightness in the chest;
  • an unpleasant sour taste in the mouth and nausea;
  • a sour or bitter burp in the throat or mouth;
  • difficult swallowing and the feeling of food getting stuck in your throat;
  • pain in swallowing.