What do you need to know about vitamin D and C
Vitamin D is necessary for normal growth and development of bone skeleton and teeth, prevention of rickets. Vitamin D helps to digest calcium and phosphorus. This vitamin is produced in the body under the influence of sunlight and exists in two types of D2 and D3. D2 or ergocalciferol enters the body of a child with plant food, and D3 – cholecalciferol, produced in the body under the influence of sunlight.
The daily rate of vitamin D is:
For newborns – 400 ME;
For children from 1 year – 600 ME;
For children over 12 years – 1000 ME.
Preparations of vitamin D exist in the form of oil and aqueous solutions, as well as chewing pastes. The oil solution of vitamin D is better absorbed by the body. It is usually used for medicinal purposes; An aqueous vitamin D solution is better used as a preventive measure; Chewy Pastilles – can be given to children from 3 years old. In addition to vitamin D, the prepartum contains other vitamins and minerals.
Among the most popular preparations of vitamin D in oil solution:
Vigantol (Merck, Germany) – produced in vials in the form of drops, contains 0.5 mg (20 000 ME) of vitamin D3. It has a number of contraindications, which should be familiarized with before taking the drug;
Devisol Drops (Orion, Finland) – contains 2 mg of vitamin D3, coconut oil and vitamin E;
D-San (Sanofi, France) – a drug in the form of drops, allowed for children from 1.5 years to 1 drop per day. Contains vitamin D3 200 ME, 20 ml, peanut butter. It may cause allergy to the components.
Vitamin D3 preparations on aqueous solution include: Aquadetrim (Acrychine) – 1 ml solution contains 500 ME of vitamin D3, as well as auxiliary components. The drug is used to prevent rickets in infants.
Multi-Tabs Baby (Ferrosan, Denmark) – contains vitamins D3, A and C.
Chewy Pastilles: VitaBears Calcium + D3 – presented as chewing pills in the form of bears. In addition to vitamin D3, it also contains calcium and phosphorus.
The most important property of vitamin C is to strengthen the immunity. With sufficient use of this vitamin, the frequency of infectious diseases in a child decreases. This vitamin is useful for almost the entire body, as it takes part in the work of many organs and systems.
- Strengthens the walls of blood vessels;
- Protects against the effects of toxins;
- It is involved in the synthesis of collagen – a protein that is part of cartilage and bones;
- Participates in the absorption of iron and folic acid;
- Regulates the processes of blood clotting and others;
- Promotes rapid wound healing and recovery after surgery.
Daily dose of vitamin C for children under 1 year is 30 mg, from 1 to 3 years – 40 mg and from 3 to 12 years – 45 mg, for adolescents – 60 mg. Higher doses can be taken during diseases or when there is a shortage of ascorbic acid. Vitamin C in necessary doses for a child is a part of popular vitamin complexes – Multi-Tabs Immuno-Kids, Alphabet Shkolnik, Pikovit, Vitrum Kids, Kinder Biovital.