Bacterial vaginosis


Bacterial vaginosis (vaginal bacterial vaginosis) is a disorder of the vaginal microflora and is manifested by a specific and unpleasant-smelling discharge. VV occurs in response to changes in body homeostasis under the influence of various factors: stress, climate changes, immune deficiency, excessive intimate hygiene, frequent change of sexual partners. Thanks to modern methods of diagnosis and treatment, you can get rid of the problem without difficulty. One of them —

Doctors often refer to bacterial vaginosis as vaginal dysbiosis.

So what exactly is bacterial vaginosis?
The normal functioning of the vaginal microflora requires a large number of lactic acid bacteria called Lactobacillus acidophilus, also known as Döderlein bacilli or lactobacilli, which create a pleasant, acidic environment. Under the influence of various factors, the number of these lactic acid bacteria decreases significantly, and opportunistic bacteria take their place, which in turn can cause various diseases, especially when the immune system is weakened. This fact contributes to a change in the acidity of the vagina.

It is now proven that bacterial vaginosis is not caused by individual microbes, but by the various bacteria in the vagina. For this reason, bacterial vaginosis cannot be classified as a sexually transmitted infectious disease. Unlike vaginitis or colpitis, the disease in question is not capable of causing inflammation in the vagina.

How often can one be exposed to this disease?
The exact frequency of bacterial vaginosis is not yet known. However, it is believed that almost one

in three women is affected by bacterial vaginosis at least once in her lifetime.

The disease is most common in women between the ages of 35 and 40.

What are the main factors that promote the occurrence of the disease?

The most important factors that favor the diagnosis of bacterial vaginosis include the following

Existing intestinal dysbacteriosis. It is very common for vaginal and intestinal dysbacteriosis to occur simultaneously. It can easily result from antibiotic use.
Decreased immunity. However, it must be remembered that this is difficult to prove in practice.
Ingestion of fairly large amounts of antibiotics. After all, antibiotics are known to destroy lactic acid and other important bacteria.
Improper diet. Avoiding lactic acid products in the diet increases the risk of dysbacteriosis.
Use of underwear that is too tight and too breathable, more frequent use of tampons and pads (sometimes every day). All these factors lead to the fact that the vagina is not sufficiently supplied with oxygen, which can well kill harmful anaerobic bacteria.